Floating floor: know what it is and how it can transform the environment
Surely you’ve seen a lot of floating floor out there and you didn’t even know it! The coating got its name because it was applied over another one, without the need to use mortar, thus being “floating” on the other floor.
With different models and practical application, the floating floor has already guaranteed its space in the most different environments and has been one of the preferred choices of architects and engineers. If you are tending to adhere to this proposal, be sure to check out this article not only to learn about the different types of floors, but also our tips on each one.
Floating floor types
There are two types of floating floors: laminate and vinyl. We will explain below what they are all about so that you can understand the particularities of floors so similar.
The laminate floor is composed of layers of materials derived from wood, such as chipboard and high-density wood panel, better known as HDF. The top layer receives a decorative print that receives resin application and has different textures and patterns, allowing for an infinite number of combinations. The laminate also has floor options for indoor environments, such as houses and apartments, as well as for high traffic locations, such as gyms and stores.
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The vinyl floor is made of PVC and can be found on boards, rulers or blankets. Due to its characteristics, it has excellent sound insulation and resistance. Like the laminate, it has different options of patterns and colors, and can be applied with glue or by a click system. The vinyl also has a different type of application, which is by adhesive, which is already applied to the blade.
These two floors differ basically by composition and by some particularities that will be described throughout the article. This coating is one of the most sought after on the market, so you should know what you will find on offer when you start your search.
Floating floor price
The value of the floor varies according to the material and manufacturer chosen, but in general the laminate is usually more affordable than vinyl. Remember that in addition to considering the price of the coating, it is also necessary to take into account the other materials necessary for application.
It is possible to find versions of floating floors starting at R $ 20 o m², without installation, varying according to the quality and characteristics of the model. The variation between the prices of vinyl flooring and laminate is not usually so significant, but they need to be considered according to the needs of the environment.
Now that you know the investment base, let’s point out some advantages and disadvantages of the floating floor to help you make the right choice.
Floating floor: advantages and disadvantages
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Practical, accessible and versatile, the floating floor deserves attention, but also attention. Before opting for this type of coating, check out some characteristics that must be taken into account:
- Easy to install, it does not require the use of mortar;
- Great aesthetic finish;
- Heat resistant;
- Easy to clean, a broom with soft bristles and a damp cloth with water and mild soap is sufficient;
- It generates thermal comfort, as the floor does not get cold, unlike ceramics;
- Great durability, when well maintained;
- Good external acoustics, so the internal sounds do not propagate to the lower floors;
- Good price compared to other coatings such as wooden floors and porcelain tiles;
- It has a good warranty time because the manufacturers offer at least 10 years or more of the product;
- Because they are produced with chemical components, they are not attractive to termite attack.
- It does not absorb sounds, so if an object falls to the ground, the sound tends to reflect internally;
- It is an extremely smooth floor and can cause slips, especially for pets;
- It cannot have contact with water;
- Low humidity resistance, and should not be used in environments such as kitchens and bathrooms;
- Streaks in case of high abrasion, therefore it is recommended to use felt on feet and furniture casters;
- In case of constant exposure to the sun, it tends to fade.
With this summary, you can already make good conclusions about the floating floor. Now understand how this coating is installed and be impressed with the ease and practicality it offers.
How to install the floating floor
The installation of the floating floor is easy and fast, which makes it possible that the day after the application you can move normally on the surface. We have prepared a tutorial for you to understand the steps of this installation.
Analysis of the subfloor
Before starting the installation, you must observe the subfloor where the covering will be installed. It needs to be dry, clean and level. The laminate floor accepts leveling variations of up to 3 mm, since the vinyl does not have a good finish if the surface is not well leveled. To solve, just apply a leveling compound composed of glue and cement in the areas where the surfaces are not smooth and wait for it to dry to start the application of the floating floor.
Apply the appropriate blanket on the subfloor, in the opposite direction to the placement of the planks, leaving 1 cm left over in the corner of the wall and joining the strips with adhesive tape.
Position the spacers along the wall closest to where the installation will start, which should be the widest in the room. It is extremely important that this space is respected, because depending on the temperature, the floor can expand or retract.
Positioning of the planks
When planning the design, the distance from the top of one ruler to another must be at least 1/3 of the length of the ruler. Avoid that in the width direction there is a row of rulers with a dimension less than 5 cm, or in the length direction, that there is a ruler smaller than its width. Alternating the position of the pieces is a basic rule for installing laminate flooring, so make the third row as the first and the fourth as the second until the end of the process.
Application of the rules with glue
Place the first ruler with the male side facing the wall. This side is made to fit and not to receive the fit of another board. Then place the second ruler. During installation, the glue must be applied to the female side of the coating, in an amount that remains on the surface after fitting, so that the glue makes a seal on the floor, thus preventing the infiltration of liquids that may damage it. Be sure to remove the excess glue with a damp cloth immediately afterwards, because after drying, it becomes much more difficult to remove it and the floor may have an unwanted finish. It is very likely that the last ruler of the first row needs to be adjusted in relation to the length. If it is necessary to saw the blade for size adjustment, it is important that the decorative side is facing downwards, in order not to be damaged, and that this ruler is at least 20 cm. To install, the cut part must face the wall. Start the second row using a cut rule, placing it at a 30 ° angle and descending to fit it. Use a stop block to join the planks.
Application of rulers with click method
The click floor, also known as clicked floor, is a faster, more practical and cleaner option, as it does not require the application of glue during its installation. The rulers fit together like a set of pieces, so there is no need for any auxiliary material.
Installation of baseboards and angles
Once all the strips are installed, remove the spacers and fix the baseboards to the wall with glue and nails without a head.
In addition to a great aesthetic finish, the floating floor presents resistance when properly installed. Therefore, it is important that a trained professional is hired to apply this type of coating. Generally, stores that sell this type of floor also offer the installation of it.
Now that you have all the information you need, just choose which type of floating floor is best suited for the environment you have. Whether vinyl or laminate, you will achieve a natural, different and very modern result.